Steindler’s experiences at the University of Vienna Medical School shaped his approach to orthopaedic practice, education and research. Among those individuals who helped create the Vienna Medical School’s strength in orthopaedics was Edward Albert. Albert had a particular interest in joint diseases and skeletal deformity. He was among the first to use arthrodesis (joint fusion) to restore limb alignment and function for patients with paralysis or severe joint deformity. He also stressed the importance of scientific investigation. He was among the first prominent surgeons to recognize the importance of antisepsis in preventing postoperative infections and instituted a policy that all surgeons at the University of Vienna must use Lister’s carbolic acid antiseptic technique.