CallaghanJohn J. Callaghan, MD

The Lawrence & Marilyn Dorr Chair in Hip and Knee Reconstruction

Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
and Biomedical Engineering


  • Undergraduate - University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana
  • Medical School - Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine
  • Residency - University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
  • Fellowships - Hip Fellowship, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York;
    Fellow in Orthopaedic Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York

Faculty Positions

  • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 1984-Present
  • Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, 1988-1990
  • Dept. of Bioengineering Duke University, 1988-1990
  • The University of Iowa College of Medicine, 1990-Present
  • University of Iowa Department of Bioengineering, 1996-Present
  • Professor, University of Iowa, 1993-Present
  • The Lawrence & Marilyn Door Chair in Hip and Knee Reconstruction, 2002-Present

Honors, Awards and Organization

  • Cum Laude, Notre Dame
  • AOA, Loyola
  • American Orthopaedic Association (AOA) Distinguished Clinician Educator Award
  • US Hip Society Awards – 6
  • US Knee Society Awards – 2
  • Orthopaedic Research Education Foundation (OREF) Career Development Award
  • OREF Clinical Research Award – 2
  • Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS) William Harris Award – 2
  • Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons (ABJS) Nicolas Andry Award
  • Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine Alumnus of the Year
  • Hospital for Special Surgery Distinguished Alumnus Award
  • Iowa Orthopaedic Society (IOS) Medical Student Award – Mentor, 4
  • University of Iowa Michael Bonfiglio Award – Mentor, 9
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) – President
  • International Hip Society (IHS) – President
  • US Hip Society – President
  • American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) – President
  • Orthopaedic Education and Research Foundation (OREF) – President
  • Mid America Orthopaedic Association (MAOA) – President
  • Iowa Orthopaedic Society (IOS) – President
  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons (ABOS) – Vice President
  • American Orthopaedic Association (AOA) – Secretary
  • Journal of Arthroplasty – Assistant Editor in Chief

Clinical and Research Interests

  • Primary and Revision Hip and Knee Replacement
  • Hip and Knee Replacement in Young Patients
  • Biomechanics of the Hip and Knee
  • Quality Outcomes of Total Hip Replacement and Total Knee Replacement

Key Interests

  • Clinical and Basic Aspects of Hip and Knee Replacement

Recent Publications & Reviews


  • The Adult Hip: Joint Preservation Surgery, Wolters Kluwer, 2014.

Peer Review Publications:

  • Hozack WJ, Callaghan JJ, Krebs V, Mason JB, Mont MA, Parvizi J. Total hip modularity: truth and consequences. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Nov;29(11):2059. PMID: 25439109.
  • Callaghan JJ, Liu SS, Phruetthiphat OA. The revision acetabulum--allograft and bone substitutes: vestigial organs for bone deficiency. Bone Joint J. 2014 Nov;96-B(11 Supple A):70-2. PMID: 25381412.
  • Warth LC, Callaghan JJ, Liu SS, Klaassen AL, Goetz DD, Johnston RC. Thirty-five-year results after Charnley total hip arthroplasty in patients less than fifty years old. A concise follow-up of previous reports. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Nov 5;96(21):1814-9. PMID: 25378509.
  • Brown TD, Elkins JM, Pedersen DR, Callaghan JJ. Impingement and dislocation in total hip arthroplasty: mechanisms and consequences. Iowa Orthop J. 2014;34:1-15.PMID: 25328453.
  • Mason JB, Callaghan JJ, Hozack WJ, Krebs V, Mont MA, Parvizi J. Obesity in total joint arthroplasty: an issue with gravity. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Oct;29(10):1879. PMID: 25282069.
  • Rakel BA, Zimmerman MB, Geasland K, Embree J, Clark CR, Noiseux NO, Callaghan JJ, Herr K, Walsh D, Sluka KA. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the control of pain during rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty: A randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Pain. 2014 Dec;155(12):2599-611. PMID: 25270585.
  • Mont MA, Callaghan JJ, Hozack WJ, Krebs V, Mason JB, Parvizi J. Patient specific instrumentation. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Sep;29(9):1693. PMID: 25218189.
  • Pugely AJ, Martin CT, Gao Y, Belatti DA, Callaghan JJ. Comorbidities in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty: do they influence hospital costs and length of stay? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Dec;472(12):3943-50. PMID: 25190193.
  • Miller BJ, Callaghan JJ, Cram P, Karam M, Marsh JL, Noiseux NO. Changing trends in the treatment of femoral neck fractures: a review of the american board of orthopaedic surgery database. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Sep 3;96(17):e149. PMID: 25187593.
  • Belatti DA, Pugely AJ, Amendola A, Phisitkul P, Callaghan JJ. Medicare data transparency may confuse consumers comparing hospitals for total joint arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2015 Jan;30(1):7-11. PMID: 25168519.
  • Duchman KR, Gao Y, Pugely AJ, Martin CT, Callaghan JJ. Differences in short-term complications between unicompartmental and total knee arthroplasty: a propensity score matched analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20;96(16):1387-94. PMID: 25143499.
  • Bedard NA, Callaghan JJ, Stefl MD, Liu SS. Systematic Review of Literature of Cemented Femoral Components: What Is the Durability at Minimum 20 Years Followup? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Aug 20. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25138469.
  • Elkins JM, Callaghan JJ, Brown TD. The 2014 Frank Stinchfield Award: The 'Landing Zone' for Wear and Stability in Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Smaller Than We Thought: A Computational Analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25091222.
  • Krebs V, Hozack WJ, Callaghan JJ, Bohannon Mason J, Mont M, Parvizi J. Eliminating transfusion in primary joint arthroplasty-an achievable goal. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Aug;29(8):1511. PMID: 25085212.
  • Graves CM, Otero JE, Gao Y, Goetz DD, Willenborg MD, Callaghan JJ. Patient reported allergies are a risk factor for poor outcomes in total hip and knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Sep;29(9 Suppl):147-9. PMID: 25034881.
  • Norton AA, Callaghan JJ, Amendola A, Phisitkul P, Wongsak S, Liu SS, Fruehling-Wall C. Correlation of Knee and Hindfoot Deformities in Advanced Knee OA: Compensatory Hindfoot Alignment and Where It Occurs. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Jan;473(1):166-74. PMID: 25024033.
  • Callaghan JJ, Martin CT, Gao Y, Pugely AJ, Liu SS, Goetz DD, Kelley SS, Johnston RC. What Can Be Learned From Minimum 20-year Followup Studies of Knee Arthroplasty? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Jan;473(1):94-100. PMID: 25002210.
  • Martin CT, Pugely AJ, Gao Y, Mendoza-Lattes SA, Ilgenfritz RM, Callaghan JJ, Weinstein SL. Increasing hospital charges for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the United States. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Sep 15;39(20):1676-82. PMID: 24983937.
  • Bedard NA, Callaghan JJ, Stefl MD, Willman TJ, Liu SS, Goetz DD. Fixation and wear with a contemporary acetabular component and cross-linked polyethylene at minimum 10-year follow-up. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Oct;29(10):1961-9. PMID: 24939638.
  • Kruger KM, Tikekar NM, Heiner AD, Lannutti JJ, Callaghan JJ, Brown TD. Modeling polyethylene wear acceleration due to femoral head dislocation damage. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Aug;29(8):1653-1657.e1. PMID: 24851789.
  • Berry DJ, Abdel MP, Callaghan JJ; Members of the Clinical Research Group. What are the current clinical issues in wear and tribocorrosion? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Dec;472(12):3659-64. PMID: 24711136.
  • Belatti DA, Pugely AJ, Phisitkul P, Amendola A, Callaghan JJ. Total joint arthroplasty: trends in medicare reimbursement and implant prices. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Aug;29(8):1539-44. PMID: 24736291.
  • Mont MA, Hozack WJ, Callaghan JJ, Krebs V, Parvizi J, Mason JB. Venous thromboemboli following total joint arthroplasty: SCIP measures move us closer to an agreement. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Apr;29(4):651-2. PMID: 24655607.
  • Noiseux NO, Callaghan JJ, Clark CR, Zimmerman MB, Sluka KA, Rakel BA. Preoperative predictors of pain following total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Jul;29(7):1383-7. PMID: 24630598.
  • Cram P, Bozic KJ, Callaghan JJ, Lu X, Li Y. Use of present-on-admission indicators for complications after total knee arthroplasty: an analysis of Medicare administrative data. J Arthroplasty. 2014 May;29(5):923-928.e2.PMID: 24530205.
  • Haasper C, Buttaro M, Hozack W, Aboltins CA, Borens O, Callaghan JJ, Ivo de Carvalho P, Chang Y, Corona P, Da Rin F, Esposito S, Fehring TK, Flores Sanchez X, Lee GC, Martinez-Pastor JC, Mortazavi SM, Noiseux NO, Peng KT, Schutte HD, Schweitzer D, Trebse R, Tsiridis E, Whiteside L. Irrigation and debridement. J Orthop Res. 2014 Jan;32 Suppl 1:S130-5. PMID: 24464886.
  • Haasper C, Buttaro M, Hozack W, Aboltins CA, Borens O, Callaghan JJ, de Carvalho PI, Chang Y, Corona P, Da Rin F, Esposito S, Fehring TK, Sanchez XF, Lee GC, Martinez-Pastor JC, Mortazavi SM, Noiseux NO, Peng KT, Schutte HD, Schweitzer D, Trebše R, Tsiridis E, Whiteside L. Irrigation and debridement. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Feb;29(2 Suppl):100-3. PMID: 24360491.
  • Elkins JM, Callaghan JJ, Brown TD. Stability and trunnion wear potential in large-diameter metal-on-metal total hips: a finite element analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Feb;472(2):529-42. PMID: 24218160.
  • Pugely AJ, Lu X, Amendola A, Callaghan JJ, Martin CT, Cram P. Trends in the use of total ankle replacement and ankle arthrodesis in the United States Medicare population. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Mar;35(3):207-15. PMID: 24177759.
  • Pugely AJ, Martin CT, Gao Y, Klocke NF, Callaghan JJ, Marsh JL. A risk calculator for short-term morbidity and mortality after hip fracture surgery. J Orthop Trauma. 2014 Feb;28(2):63-9. PMID: 23872716.
  • Trumm BN, Callaghan JJ, George CA, Liu SS, Goetz DD, Johnston RC. Minimum 20-year follow-up results of revision total hip arthroplasty with improved cementing technique. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Jan;29(1):236-41. PMID: 23759117.
  • Kruger KM, Tikekar NM, Heiner AD, Baer TE, Lannutti JJ, Callaghan JJ, Brown TD. A novel formulation for scratch-based wear modelling in total hip arthroplasty. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2014;17(11):1227-36. PMID: 23305334.